Lord Baden-Powell, as he later became, was friendly with Lord Ednam, the Earl of Dudley's eldest son, who suggested encouraging local men to be more familiar with firearms.
The only people to have contact with firearms up to then were the landed gentry and their guests - hunting and shooting. Lord Ednam thought 'up a way to familiarise local people with the use of firearms and formed the Air Rifle League.
These consisted of ten villages forming teams to compete against one another and were located within a ten mile radius of The Hundred House Inn at Great Witley, this being the headquarters, Lord Dudley's solicitor formatted the rules, the authority of organisation was centred at Great Witley and the permanent secretary was the Vicar of Witley.
The basic rules were the use of .177 B.S.A. air rifles, shooting over a range of five yards at a Bell Target.